What Is Ageing?

 Fifty is the new thirty ‘ is now possible through cosmetic skin rejuvenation techniques. Skin disorders, sun damage, inherent aging, heredity, pollution, stress, hormones, lifestyle diseases, etc. Can all result in scars, sun spots, freckles, wrinkles, sagging, volume loss, uneven pigmentation, etc? Aging is the natural way by which the cells become older. Biological changes, including progressive deterioration in the cellular function & durability due to molecular damage associated with retarded replication potentiate the cellular aging.

What Are The Causes Of Aging?

Genetic factors: Loss of DNA repairing capability & growth arrest state of the body cells with age are considered intrinsic factors responsible for aging.

Environmental Factors: Deficiency of antioxidants, excessive exposure to the harmful ultraviolet rays, metabolic diseases, lack of exercise, stress, and environmental toxins are major risk factors for aging.

What Are The Anti Aging Procedures Available?

  1. Microdermabrasion: Also called ‘party facial’ or ‘skin polishing’ for the temporary glow to the skin by removing the uppermost layer of the skin.
  2. Chemical peels: Chemical solutions are applied to the skin to peel off upper damaged skin layers to reveal fresher skin below. Superficial peels are glycolic and salicylic peels. Deeper peels like phenol peels are not advisable since there is a huge risk of complication in darker Indian skin.
  3. Mesotherapy: With a cocktail of ingredients like Hyaluronic acid, organic Silicium, botulinum toxin etc., The claims and benefits of which are not substantiated.
  4. Laser & light treatments :
    • Intense pulse light (Photofacial): Various wavelengths of light are given to the skin to give an even complexion. Needs repeated treatments to sustain the effect. The effects are superficial.
    • Fractional resurfacing: Performed by ablative as well as non-ablative lasers. Non-ablative ones are the diode and erbium glass lasers (eg. Fraxel) with moderate effect. Ablative laser-like the carbon dioxide laser and the erbium YAG lasers are most effective. They can be manipulated to reach the required depth, superficial or deep, to achieve significant results. They are capable of achieving total transformation with a few sessions and followed by yearly maintenance sessions. Downtime of a week is expected, but if performed appropriately the side effects are minimal. Yearly maintenance treatments are advised to maintain results.
  5. Radiofrequency techniques: Fractional (eg. EMatrix) and non-fractional devices (eg. Theramge, Aluma)are available which can help achieve good tightening of the skin, by delivering heat to the deeper layers of the skin causing the collagen to contract, though they do not work as well for the blemishes and imperfections associated with damaged skin. Yearly maintenance treatments are advised to maintain results.
  6. Non-surgical facelift: By Ultrasonic devices like the HIFU, which are the latest in nonsurgical skin lift procedures requiring one or two sessions only, followed by yearly maintenance sessions, though the cost is phenomenally high currently. Results are not instant and appear over time. Yearly maintenance treatments are advised to maintain results.
  7. Botulinum toxin and Hyaluronic acid fillers: Required for dynamic wrinkles in the upper half of the face, and static lines on the face, respectively, these have great synergy with the fractional ablative laser treatments and are almost always used in combination for best effects. They give an almost instant and immediate improvement and have a high patient satisfaction rate. They need to be repeated over a period of time; however, longer-lasting fillers are now available in the market.
  8. Volume enhancement : With volumizing fillers like calcium hydroxyapatite and Autologous fat is required in cases of volume loss which makes the face look much older than the age, like the under-eye hollows, temporal hollows and the cheek volume loss.
  9. Thread lift : Thread lift procedure is a minimally invasive alternative to facelift surgery. Thread lifts claim to tighten your skin by inserting medical-grade thread material into your face and then “ pulling ” your skin up by tightening the thread.

( The Treatments Are Tailor Made After The Doctor Has Diagnosed Your Skin )

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